Vastu Shastra, reflects the rich ancient Indian system of architecture. It is a combination of art, science, and spirituality, that outlines guidelines for designing buildings and spaces that promote health, wealth, and prosperity. Vastu Shastra is better-known as”Science of Architecture all around the world. This blog comes with the beginner guide on Vastu Shastra basics for architecture design course students.
Origin of Vastu Shastra
Vastu Shastra originated in India over 5000 years ago. It is believed that Lord Brahma created the science of Vastu Shastra and passed it on to his son Lord Vishwakarma, who then passed it on to humans. The earliest mention of Vastu Shastra is actually derived from the Vedas, which are a collection of ancient Hindu scriptures.
Types of Vastu Shastra
There are several types of Vastu Shastra. Some of them are:
- Sthapatya Veda – It is the oldest form of Vastu Shastra that deals with the design and construction of buildings and houses.
- Vastu Purusha Mandala – It is the most commonly used form of Vastu Shastra. It deals with the layout and design of buildings and spaces based on the orientation of the Vastu Purusha Mandala.
- Mayamata – It is a text that deals with the construction of temples and other religious structures.
- Prasada Vastu – It deals with the design and construction of palaces, forts, and other grand buildings.
Important Theories of Vastu Shastra
There are several theories of Vastu Shastra that are essential for architecture students to learn.
You can read some of them below:
- Five Elements Theory – This theory explains that the entire universe’s existence is from main 5 elements which are air, earth, fire, water, fire, and space. All the principles of Vastu Shastra are based on the relationship between these 5 elements.
- Cosmic Energy Theory – According to this theory, everything in the universe emits energy, and the principles of Vastu Shastra aim to harness this energy for the benefit of the occupants of a building or space.
- Orientation Theory – According to this theory, the orientation of a building or space is essential for the flow of positive energy. The principles of Vastu Shastra dictate that a building should be oriented to face certain directions, depending on its purpose.
Principles of Vastu Shastra
Vastu Shastra brings the bundel of many important principles for students in architecture and interior design. Some of them are:
- Directional Guidelines – According to Vastu Shastra, each direction has its own significance and energy. For example, the east direction is considered as the best direction to set prayer room in because of its connection with the AIR element.
- Layout Guidelines – The principles of Vastu Shastra dictate that the layout of a building should be based on the orientation of the Vastu Purusha Mandala. The Vastu Purusha Mandala is a grid-like structure that represents the body of a cosmic being.
- Room Design Guidelines – According to Vastu Shastra, each room in a building should be designed based on its purpose. For example, the design of a bedroom should promote rest and relaxation, while the design of a kitchen should promote health and hygiene.
Why Should Architecture Students Learn Vastu Shastra?
There are several reasons why architecture students should learn Vastu Shastra. Some of them are:
As an architecture student, you are studying how to create beautiful and functional spaces that meet the needs of people. But have you ever considered incorporating Vastu Shastra principles into your designs?
Here are some reasons why all architecture students should learn Vastu basics along with computer applications.
1. Vastu principles can help you create more harmonious spaces.
Vastu Shastra principles are based on the idea that the physical environment has a profound impact on the well-being of people. By learning Vastu basics, you can create spaces that are more harmonious and balanced, promoting the physical and mental health of those who occupy them. Vastu principles can help you create spaces that are more conducive to productivity, creativity, and relaxation.
2. Vastu principles can help you design buildings that are more energy-efficient.
Vastu Shastra principles are also concerned with the flow of energy through a building. By learning Vastu basics, you can design buildings that are more energy-efficient, promoting sustainability and reducing energy costs. For example, Vastu principles recommend placing windows and doors in specific locations to optimize natural light and ventilation.
3. Vastu principles can help you create culturally sensitive designs.
As an architecture student, you will likely encounter clients from diverse cultural backgrounds. By learning Vastu basics, you can create designs that are culturally sensitive and respectful, incorporating elements that are meaningful to your clients. This also helps in producing successful designs and also in setting up good relationships with the clients.
4. Vastu principles can help you stand out as an architect.
Incorporating Vastu principles into your designs can help you stand out as an architect who is knowledgeable about traditional architectural practices. With this skill, you can earn trust of clients who are connected with their tradition and culture.
There is also cultural significance of Vastu Shastra as it is an essential part of Indian culture, and architecture students should learn about it to gain a deeper understanding of Indian architecture and design.
Also Vastu Shastra is a Universal Principles and its principles are not limited to India but can be applied to buildings and spaces worldwide.
Now that we’ve discussed some of the benefits of learning Vastu basics as an architecture student, Let’s look at some examples of architects who have incorporated Vastu principles into their designs.
Architects with profound knowledge of Vastu principles
1. Balkrishna Doshi
Balkrishna Doshi is an Indian architect who is known for his sustainable and socially responsible designs. Doshi was a student of Le Corbusier, but he also incorporated Vastu principles into his designs. For example, he designed the Aranya Low-Cost Housing project, which was built using local materials and oriented according to Vastu principles.
2. Laurie Baker
Laurie Baker (a British-born Indian architect) was a strong believer in Vastu principles and incorporated them into many of his designs. For example, he designed a series of homes that were built using local materials and oriented according to Vastu principles. These homes were designed to be energy-efficient and to promote a sense of community among their occupants.
3. Christopher Benninger
Christopher Benninger is an American-born Indian architect who is known for his sustainable and socially responsible designs. Benninger has incorporated Vastu principles into many of his designs, including the Mahindra United World College in Pune, India. This college was designed to be energy-efficient and to promote a sense of community among its students, incorporating elements of Vastu Shastra into its design.
In conclusion, learning Vastu basics as an architecture student can help you create more harmonious, energy-efficient, and culturally sensitive designs. By incorporating Vastu principles into your designs, you can stand out as a well-knowledge architect and interior designer.
Learn Vastu Shastra Basics at CAD Training Institute
Joining architecture diploma course in Rohini at CAD Training Institute is an excellent way to learn the basics of Bastu.
With a comprehensive curriculum and experienced instructors, students can gain valuable knowledge and skills in traditional Indian architecture and design principles.
By learning about Bastu, students can develop a deeper appreciation for the cultural significance of sustainable and eco-friendly design.
Ultimately, the knowledge gained through these CAD courses in Delhi can help individuals make a positive impact on the built environment and create spaces that are both beautiful and functional.